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San Bernardino

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    San Bernardino County
      City: 
    San Bernardino
      County FIPS: 
    06071
      Coordinates: 
    34°6′N 117°18′W
      Area total: 
    62.45 sq mi
      Area land: 
    62.12 sq mi (160.88 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.34 sq mi (0.88 km²)
      Elevation: 
    1,053 (Downtown) ft (321 m)
      Established: 
    1869; Incorporated August 10, 1869
  •   Latitude: 
    34,1085
      Longitude: 
    -117,2919
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    92401
    92402
    92403
    92404
    92405
    92406
    92407
    92408
    92410
    92411
    92413
    92415
    92418
    92423
    92427
      GMAP: 

    San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    222,101
      Population density: 
    3,473.94 residents per square mile of area (1,341.30/km²)
      Household income: 
    $40,257
      Households: 
    57,251
      Unemployment rate: 
    18.60%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    8.00%
      Income taxes: 
    9.30%

San Bernardino (; Spanish for "Saint Bernardino") is a city and county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. Located in the Inland Empire region of Southern California, the city had a population of 222,101 in the 2020 census, making it the 18th-largest city in California. San Bernardino is the economic, cultural, and political hub of the San Bernardino Valley. The governments of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Mexico have established the metropolitan areas only consulates in the downtown area of the city. The city was named in 1810, when Spanish priest Francisco Dumetz led an expedition through the area. In 1851, the first Anglo-American colony was established by pioneers associated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or Mormons. Today, San Bernardino serves as an anchor city to the 3rd largest metropolitan area in California (after Los Angeles and San Francisco) and the 13th largest metro area in the United States; the San Bernardino-Riverside MSA. In the late 19th century, the town grew significantly as a commercial hub at the crossroads between Southern California and the American Southwest. In 1860, a gold rush began in the nearby mountains with the Ainsworth Gentry Affair. The town became a typical American frontier town, with many residents indulging in drinking at saloons at the town's saloons in the early 1900s. Today the city is home to California State University, San Benedictine.

History

San Bernardino is the primary city name, but also Arrowhead Farms, Arrowhed Farm, Devore Heights, Devore Hghts, Muscoy, Sn Bernrdno, Verdemont are acceptable city names or spellings, Cajon Junction on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The city of San Bernardino occupies much of the San Bernardino Valley. The area was not largely settled until 1851, following the American Conquest of California. The first Anglo-American colony was established by pioneers associated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or Mormons. The city was officially incorporated in 1857. Near San Bernardino is a naturally formed arrowhead-shaped rock formation on the side of a mountain. During the mid-19th century, "Dr." David Noble claimed that a saint-like arrow from the arrowhead could healed him. In 1889, word "Arrowhead" was used to refer to the hotel on the site of the hotel along with the Arrowhead Springs in Texas, which are now part of the city of Redlands. The town was named for Bernardino of Siena, who founded the Mission San Gabriel in 1771. The name San Bernardino means "eat plenty" or "abundance to eat" in the Tongva language, which was spoken at the time of the Spanish arrival in the valley in the 1810s and early 19th century. It was also known as "Waaachnga" by the Native American Tongva, who called it "Wachama" for " abundance" or abundance of food. The word "San Bernardino" means "the valley" in Spanish, which is the name of the village where the village of WaaACHnga was established. The village was one of several villages that dotted the valley prior to the arrival of Europeans in the area.

Geography

The city lies in the San Bernardino foothills and the eastern portion of theSan Bernardino Valley, roughly 60 miles (97 km) east of Los Angeles. San Bernardino is unique among Southern Californian cities because of its wealth of water, which is mostly contained in underground aquifers. The city's northernmost neighborhood, Arrowhead Springs, gets snow, heavily at times, due to its elevation of about 3,000 feet (910 m) above sea level. According to the LA Times, San Bernardino County has the highest levels of ozone in the United States, averaging 102 parts per billion.San Bernardino has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Köppen climate classification) with mild winters and hot, dry summers. The particularly arid climate during the summer prevents tropospheric clouds from forming, meaning temperatures rise to what is considered by NOAA scientists as Class Orange. The highest recorded summer temperature at 118 °F (47.8 °C) on July 6, 2018. The seasonal Santa Ana winds are felt particularly strongly in thesan Bernardino area as warm and dry air is channeled through nearby Cajon Pass at times during the autumn months. This phenomenon markedly increases the wildfire danger in the foothills, canyon, and mountain communities that the cycle of cold, wet winters and dry summers helps create. In the winter, snow flurries occur upon occasion, and San Bernardino gets an average of 16 inches (406 mm) of rain, hail, or light snow showers each year.

Demographics

The 2010 United States Census reported that San Bernardino had a population of 209,924. The racial makeup of San Bernardino was 95,734 (45.6%) White (19.0% Non-Hispanic White), 31,582 (15.0%) African American, 2,822 (1.3%) Native American, 8,454 (4.0) Asian, 839 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 59,827 (28.5%) from other races, and 10,666 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 125,994 persons (60.0%). 202,599 people (96.5% of the population) lived in households. There were 65,401 housing units at an average density of 1,096.5 per square mile (423.4/km²), of which 29,838 were owner-occupied, and 29,445 (49.7%) were occupied by renters. The median household income was $39,097, with 30.6% living below the federal poverty line. San Bernardino is home to mixed-ethnic working class populations, of which the Latino and African-American populations comprise the vast majority of the city. Historically, many Latinos, primarily Mexican-Americans and Mexicans, lived on Mount Vernon Avenue on the West Side. The heart of the San Bernardino Mexican-American community is on the west and southside of the City.

Economy

The city's location close to the Cajon and San Gorgonio passes, and at the junctions of the I-10, I-215, and SR-210 freeways, positions it as an intermodal logistics hub. As of 2007 households within one mile of the city core had a median income of only $20,480, less than half that of the Inland region as a whole. Over 15 percent of San Bernardino residents are unemployed as of 2012, and over 40 percent are on some form of public assistance. According to the US Census, 34.6 percent of residents live below the poverty level, making San Bernardino the poorest city for its population in California, and the second poorest in the US next to Detroit.Amazon.com has built a new 950,000-square-foot (22-acre) fulfillment warehouse on the south side of the airport, that opened in the fall of 2012. The city's economy grew by 26,217 jobs, a 37% increase, to 97,139. Government was both the largest and the fastest-growing employment sector, reaching close to 20,000 jobs in 2004. Other significant sectors were retail (16,000 Jobs) and education (13,200 jobs).According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Amazon.com, San Bernardino International Airport, and San Bernardino City College. The top employer in the state of California is the University of California, San Diego.

Arts and culture

San Bernardino hosts several major annual events, including the Route 66 Rendezvous and the National Orange Show Festival. The city is home to the historic Arrowhead Springs Hotel and Spa, which contains hot springs, in addition to mineral baths and steam caves located deep underground. The Robert V. Fullerton Museum of Art contains a collection of Egyptian antiquities, ancient pottery from present-day Italy, and funerary art from ancient China. The Yaamava Resort & Casino, one of the few in southern California that does operate as a resort hotel, is located approximately one mile from the Arrowhead springs hotel. The San Manuel Amphitheater, originally Glen Helen Pavilion at the Cajon Pass, is the largest amphitheater in the United States. The California Theater of the Performing Arts in downtown San Bernardino hosts an array of events. The Lyric Symphony Orchestra in nearby Loma Linda, California presents concerts in the city and nearby communities. The historic 1929 Fox Theater of San Bernardino, located downtown and owned by American Sports University, has recently been restored for new use. It is located inside the historic Santa Fe Depot. A Route 66 museum is located on the historic site of the original McDonald's restaurant. The Inland Empire Military Museum, the American Sports Museum, and the WBC Legends of Boxing Museum are all located in San Bernardino. The City of Redlands has its own museum, the San Bernardino County Museum of regional history, which has exhibits relating to the city of San Bernardino.

Sports

San Bernardino has had other professional and semi-pro teams over the years, including the San Bernardino Jazz professional women's volleyball team. The city hosts the Inland Empire 66ers baseball club of the California League, which since 2011 has been the Los Angeles Angels Single A affiliate. San Bernardino Valley College competes in the CCCAA and is the only school to offer football at the collegiate level in San Bernardino. The Glen Helen Raceway has hosted off-road motorsport races such as rounds of the AMA Motocross Championship and Lucas Oil Off Road Racing Series. The series fields many drivers, including NASCAR Camping World Truck Series regular Ron Hornaday Jr., who drove the No. 33 in a race on July 12, 2008. It also hosts the BSR West Super Late Model Series at Orange Show Speedway, which has been home to the NASCAR Camped World Truck series regular Ron hornaday Jr. for the past five years. The San Bernardino Coyotes compete at the NCAA Division II level in a variety of sports, including baseball, football, basketball, and women's basketball. The City of San Bernardino is home to San Manuel Stadium, which was the home of the San Manuel 49ers football team. It is also the home venue for the San Bernardino 49ers baseball team, who play their home games at San Manuel Stadium. The Inland Empire 66ers are a Single A baseball team from 2007 to 2010. The team was the Los Angeles Angels Single A affiliate from 2007 to 2010.

Parks and recreation

Perris Hill Park is the largest with Roosevelt Bowl, several tennis courts, a Y.M.C.A., a shooting range, and a pool. Glen Helen Regional Park, is located in the northernmost part of the city. Little Mountain Park is home to a well known skate park and various hiking trails. In 2017, San Bernardino opened its newest park, named in honor of local heroes Bryce Hanes and Jon Cole. It is located on Shandin Hills, also known as Little Mountain. The park is located near the University District of San Bernardino. It has a swimming pool, a senior center, and several other facilities. It was named after local hero Bryce Hane, who was killed in a car crash in 2010. It also has a skate park, a baseball field, and other outdoor activities. The city's parks are located on the San Bernardino River, which runs through the center of the town. The town is also home to the University of California at San Bernardino, which was founded in 1883, and the California Institute of the Arts, which dates back to 1883. The San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors has been in charge of the parks since the 1930s, when it was formed. The county has a history of creating parks, including a park in the early 1900s that became known as the "City of the Stars" The city also has several smaller parks, such as the Rancho de San Bernardino Park, which is located at the base of the San Diego Mountains.

Government

San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, the largest organized county in the contiguous United States by area. The city is a charter city; the first charter was passed 1905, while the most recent charter was passing in 2016. San Bernardino is in California's 31st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D+5 and is represented by Democrat Pete Aguilar. The governments of Guatemala, Mexico, and El Salvador have established consulates in the downtown area of the city. On July 10, 2012, San Bernardino decided to seek protection under Chapter 9, Title 11, United States Code, making it the third California municipality to do so in less than two weeks (after Stockton and the town of Mammoth Lakes) The city would normally have to negotiate with creditors first, but, because they declared a fiscal emergency in June, that requirement did not apply. The case was filed on August 1, 2012 and the city filed for bankruptcy on August 11. The current Mayor of San Bernardino is John Valdivia. The City Council is made up of Theodore Sánchez, Sandra Ibarra, Juan Figueroa, Fred Shorett, Ben Reynoso, Kim Calvin-Johnson and Damon L. Alexander. The U.S. Census Bureau says San Bernardino was among the most poverty-stricken cities in the nation, second nationally behind Detroit. The murder rate was 29 per 100,000 in 2005, the 13th highest murder rate in the country and the third highest in California after Compton and Richmond.

Education

San Bernardino is home to California State University, San Bernardino (CSUSB), a campus of the CSU System. Local public high schools include Aquinas High School, Arroyo Valley High School and Cajon High School. San Bernardino City Unified School District is the eighth largest district in the state, although it is also served by Rim of the World (far north, mountains), Redlands (far south east) and Rialto (far west) Unified School districts. Other higher education in the area includes: California University of Science and Medicine, The Art Institute of California - Inland Empire, American Sports University and Summit Career College. The city is also home to San Bernardino Valley College, San Gorgonio High School  and Indian Springs High School in the San Bernardino area. It is located in the University District of San Bernardino, which is part of the San Diego County College System. The San Bernardino River runs through the city, which runs through San Bernardino and into San Diego counties. It also runs through Redlands and Redlands Valley, which run through the cities of Redlands, Redland and Redding. The town has a population of 2.2 million. It has a long history of violence, particularly in the late 19th and early 20th century. It was the site of the U.S. Civil War and the Battle of the Bulge, which took place between 18th and 19th centuries. In the early 1900s, the city was known as the "City of the Redwoods".

  • San Bernardino's population in San Bernardino County, California of 6,150 residents in 1900 has increased 36,11-fold to 222,101 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.36% female residents and 49.64% male residents live in San Bernardino, Sacramento County, California.

    As of 2020 in San Bernardino, Sacramento County, California are married and the remaining 48.99% are single population.

  • 29.3 minutes is the average time that residents in San Bernardino require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    69.18% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 20.12% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.32% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.75% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in San Bernardino, Sacramento County, California, 46.60% are owner-occupied homes, another 42.06% are rented apartments, and the remaining 11.34% are vacant.

  • The 41.02% of the population in San Bernardino, Sacramento County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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