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Merrillville

Town of Merrillville, Indiana

  •   State: 
    Indiana
      County: 
    Lake County
      City: 
    Merrillville
      County FIPS: 
    18089
      Coordinates: 
    41°29′8″N 87°20′7″W
      Area total: 
    33.29 sq mi (86.21 km²)
      Area land: 
    33.24 sq mi (86.08 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.05 sq mi (0.12 km²)
      Elevation: 
    656 ft (200 m)
      Established: 
    1971
  •   Latitude: 
    41,4739
      Longitude: 
    -87,3313
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    46410
    46411
      GMAP: 

    Merrillville, Lake County, Indiana, United States

  •   Population: 
    36,444
      Population density: 
    1,096.49 residents per square mile of area (423.36/km²)
      Household income: 
    $55,537
      Households: 
    12,985
      Unemployment rate: 
    9.30%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    4.90%

Merrillville is a town in Ross Township, Lake County, Indiana, United States. The town is centered on the intersection of U.S. Route 30 and Interstate 65. On January 1, 2015, Merrillville became the most populated town in Indiana, as Fishers in Hamilton County was converted from a town to a city. The Morgan-Skinner-Boyd Homestead and John Wood Mill are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Merrillville occupies what used to be woodland belonging to the Potawatomi Indians. In 1834, a clearing was created for ceremonial purposes and called McGwinn Village. A year later, a white man, Jeremiah Wiggins, settled in the place; the place was then called Wiggins Point. Later still, it was renamed Merrillville after the brothers Dudley and William Merrill. In 1971, the area officially became Merrillville (which now includes the old Merrillville as well as other settlements nearby) and was incorporated as a town under Indiana law. In 2009, a pedestrian bridge at Hidden Lake Park collapsed, injuring at least 25 people. The US 30 corridor between Taft and Colorado Street harbors a large concentration of big-box retailers, restaurants, hotels, and automobile dealerships. It is home to the corporate headquarters of Fortune 500 energy management company NiSource. The development is designated an Certified Indiana Technology Park and includes a business incubator and technology center operated by the Purdue Research Foundation. In 2005, a large industrial park, Crossroads, opened at Broadway 93rd Avenue and 101st Avenue.

Geography

Merrillville is the primary city name, but also Gary are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Town of Merrillville, Indiana. Merrillville is located at 41°2908N 87°2007W. The town is centered on the intersection of U.S. Route 30 and Interstate 65. Merrillville is bordered by Gary and unincorporated Calumet Township, Lake County, to the north; Hobart to the northeast; Union Township, Porter County, to the east; Winfield and Crown Point to the south; Schererville to the west; and Griffith to the northwest. The Lincoln Highway runs through Merrillville. State Road 53 (Broadway) and State Road 55 (Taft Street) traverse the town from north to south. The original alignment of Lincoln Highway is known as 73rd Avenue (also called Old Lincoln Highway) in Merrillville, while the current Lincoln Highway (US 30) is know as 81st Avenue. The city's asymmetric shape results in numerous boundaries with other municipalities. According to the 2010 census, Merrillville has a total area of 33.26 square miles (86.14 km²) (or 99.88%) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.10 km²), (or 0.12%) is water. It is located on the Indiana Turnpike, which runs through the town. The turnpike is one of the busiest highways in the United States, carrying more than 100,000 vehicles per day. It was built in the 1930s and has been extended in the 1960s and 1970s. It has a population of about 2,000.

History

Merrillville occupies what used to be woodland belonging to the Potawatomi Indians. In 1834, a white man, Jeremiah Wiggins, settled in the place; McGwinn Village became Wiggins Point. In 1971, the area officially became Merrillville (which now includes the old Merrillville as well as other settlements nearby) In 1993, Merrillville tried to annex unincorporated Winfield Township to get more land. The residents blocked Merrillville by creating the town of Winfield. In 2009, a pedestrian bridge at Hidden Lake Park collapsed, injuring at least 25 people. The Morgan-Skinner-Boyd Homestead and John Wood Old Mill are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. At one time, the post office for the area was named Lottaville, and Rexville was the name of a nearby creek. The town of Merrillville was incorporated as a town under Indiana law in 1971. It was named after the brothers Dudley and William Merrill, who operated a hotel and store in Centerville, and his son John P. Merrill was a Township Trustee. It is located on the Indiana-Illinois border and was once known as Wiggins Point, a stop for wagon trains heading to Joliet, Illinois along the Sauk Trail (also called the Sac Trail), an old Indian trail. The area was once part of Ross Township, which later became Hobart and Crown Point when those towns incorporated. It now includes a number of smaller settlements, including Deep River, Turkey Creek, and Ainsworth.

Economy

Merrillville is a hub for retail trade in Northwest Indiana. The US 30 corridor between Taft Street and Colorado Street harbors a large concentration of big-box retailers, hotels, restaurants, and automobile dealerships. Heavy industry such as steelmaking and petroleum refining, which characterizes the economy of northern Lake County, does not have a significant presence in Merrillville. The town is home to the corporate headquarters of Fortune 500 energy company NiSource, hospitality management firm White Lodging, and Centier Bank, Indiana's largest privately owned independent bank. Merrillville's nearest commercial airports are Griffith-Merrilville Airport in Griffith and Gary/Chicago International Airport in Gary. Ameriplex at the Crossroads, an industrial and technology park, opened at Broadway between 93rd Avenue and 101st Avenue in 2005. The development is designated an Indiana Certified Technology Park and includes a business incubator and technology center operated by the Purdue Research Foundation.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 35,246 people, 13,696 households, and 9,016 families living in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 46.4% White, 44.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.2%. Asian, 4.6% from other races, and 3.2. from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.9% of the population. The median income for a household in the city was $49,469 while the mean income was $57,728. The estimated per capita income for the town in 2010 was $22,993. About 2.3% of families and 4.1% of those under the age of 18 were estimated to be below the poverty line. The town is located in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers's Superior Statistical Area (SSA), which is one of the largest SSA's in the United States. The SSA is home to the Army National Guard, which is responsible for the defense of the state of New Hampshire. It is the only SSA in the state with a population of more than 10,000. The population of the SSA was 10,500 as of the 2010 census. The city's SSA has a population density of 1,061.0 inhabitants per square mile (409.7/km²) The town has a median age of 37.7 years.

Transportation

Barons Bus Lines services Merrillville seven days per week as part of schedule 0025, westbound, with local service between Cleveland, Ohio and Chicago, Illinois. Gary Public Transportation Corporation provides bus service along the Broadway Avenue Corridor and within the US 30 retail/office corridor. Those routes are partially funded by Northwest Indiana Regional Bus Authority. The closest South Shore Line station is in downtown Gary and can be reached using GPTC Route 17 or Barons Bus schedule 025. The nearest Amtrak station is Dyer, Indiana, which cannot be directly reached by public transit. It is located on the Indiana-Illinois border and can't be reached directly by public transport. The Amtrak station in Dyer is on the Illinois side of the border and is not accessible via public transit, but can be accessed via the Amtrak Dyer station on the Ohio side, which is located near the Ohio/Illinois state line.

Education

Public education in the town is provided by the Merrillville Community School Corporation. Andrean High School, a Roman Catholic institution operated by the Diocese of Gary, is also in Merrillville. Lake County Public Library operates the Central Library at 1919 West 81st Avenue. The town is home to the Lake County Historical Society, which dates back to the 18th century. Merrillville is also the home of Lake County's first post office, which was established in 1805. It is located on the banks of the Wisconsin River, near the town's center. The city's population is about 2,000. It has a population of about 3,000, with the majority of its residents living in the central part of the town. It also has one of the largest libraries in the state, with a total of more than 1,200,000 books in circulation. The Merrillville Public Library is located in the city's central business district, on the west side of the city. The library is open seven days a week, seven hours a day. It was founded in 1807. It opened its doors to the public in the early 1900s, and has been in operation ever since. The public library was established by Lake County in 1808. It's located at 1919 W. 81st Ave. and is in the center of Merrillville, Indiana. The Lake County History Museum is on the east side of town, at the corner of West 82nd and West 83rd Streets. It dates to the early 1800s.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Merrillville, Lake County, Indiana = 15.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 30. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Merrillville = 3.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 36,444 individuals with a median age of 39.1 age the population grows by 8.58% in Merrillville, Lake County, Indiana population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,096.49 residents per square mile of area (423.36/km²). There are average 2.51 people per household in the 12,985 households with an average household income of $55,537 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.30% of the available work force and has dropped -5.52% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.66%. The number of physicians in Merrillville per 100,000 population = 187.4.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Merrillville = 35.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 25.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 91. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 188. 85 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 16.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Merrillville, Lake County, Indiana which are owned by the occupant = 64.55%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 34 years with median home cost = $114,150 and home appreciation of -7.08%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $10.58 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,195 per student. There are 21.3 students for each teacher in the school, 717 students for each Librarian and 1196 students for each Counselor. 6.29% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 14.04% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.07% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Merrillville's population in Lake County, Indiana of 4,685 residents in 1900 has increased 7,78-fold to 36,444 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.41% female residents and 47.59% male residents live in Merrillville, Lake County, Indiana.

    As of 2020 in Merrillville, Lake County, Indiana are married and the remaining 43.07% are single population.

  • 30.9 minutes is the average time that residents in Merrillville require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    84.14% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.32% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.04% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.53% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Merrillville, Lake County, Indiana, 64.55% are owner-occupied homes, another 27.98% are rented apartments, and the remaining 7.48% are vacant.

  • The 43.10% of the population in Merrillville, Lake County, Indiana who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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